Disease Categories / Zoonoses

Diseas Scope Incubation
Anthrax Global; Endemic in certain agricultural areas (sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, South & Central America, southern & eastern Europe); [CCDM] Cutaneous: 1-7 days (as long as 17 days); Gastrointestinal: 1-7 days after ingestion of contaminated meat; [CDC Travel] Inhalation: 1-6 days (range of 1-43 days); [Cecil, p. 83]
Arenaviral hemorrhagic fevers, new world Carried by wild rodents in South America; About 100-4000 cases per year reported from the endemic areas of the Argentine pampas; [CCDM] Usually 6-14 days; Range of 5 to 21 days; [CCDM, p. 49]
Brucellosis Global; Primarily an occupational disease, especially in Mediterranean countries, Middle East, Africa, central Asia, central and S. America, India, and Mexico; [CCDM] 2-4 weeks (range of 5 days to 6 months); [CDC Travel]
Capnocytophaga infection Global 1-5 days
Cat-scratch disease Global 3 days to 2 weeks from scratch to primary lesion; 5 days to 1.5 months from scratch to lymphadenopathy; [CCDM]
Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease Global 15 months to over 30 years; 10-20 years for vCJD after consuming BSE-contaminated cattle products; [CCDM]
Dermatophytosis Global 4-14 days (scalp and body)
Ebola-Marburg viral diseases Uganda, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Angola, Gabon, Sudan, The Congo (DRC), and Ivory Coast; The 2014 outbreak occurred in Guinea, Liberia, .Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and Senegal; [CCDM] Probably 5-15 days; [CCDM]
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae infection Global Days
Glanders Enzootic foci in Asia and eastern Mediterranean countries; [CCDM, p. 399] Asia, Africa, and South America; [ID, p. 1463] Up to a few months; 1-2 days (inhalation); Latent foci can reactivate years after exposure; [Cecil, 24th Ed, p. 1881]
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome USA, Canada, and South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Panama, and Paraguay); [CCDM] Not completely defined, but thought to be about 2 weeks with a range of a few days to 6 weeks; [CCDM]
Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome Primarily in Asia (China and South Korea) and in most of Europe, the Balkans and Russia west of the Ural Mountains; Seoul virus is found worldwide in captured urban rats, but has been reported regularly as a human disease only in Asia;; [CCDM] Few days to 2 months; usually 2-4 weeks; [CCDM]
Herpes B virus encephalomyelitis Global 3 days to 3 weeks; [CCDM]
Lassa fever West Africa (Guinea, Liberia, parts of Nigeria, and Sierra Leone); [CCDM, p. 52] 6-21 days; [CCDM]
Leptospirosis Global, except polar regions; [CCDM] Outbreaks in Hawaii, Florida, and Puerto Rico; Reported in tourists returning from areas with outbreaks after heavy rainfall and flooding; [CDC Travel, p. 263-4] Usually 5 days to 2 weeks; range of 2-30 days; [CCDM]
Listeriosis Global 2-3 weeks; As long as 70 days has been reported; [CCDM] Often within 24 hours of ingestion of contaminated food; Invasive disease of pregnancy: 23 days (0-67 days); [PPID, p. 2545-6]
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis Global Probably 8-13 days; [CCDM]
Microsporidiosis Global Little known about routes of transmission or reservoirs: [Merck Manual, p. 1649] Estimated: days to years;
Monkeypox West and Central Africa; [CCDM] About 12 days; [Harrison ID, 762]
Nipah and Hendra viral diseases Australia after contact with infected horses (Hendra); Malaysia & Indonesia; India & Bangladesh (Nipah); [CCDM] Nipah virus: usually <2 weeks (range of several days to 2 months); Hendra virus: 5-21 days; [PPID, p. 2120, 2122]
Orf (Contagious ecthyma) Global 3-6 days; [CCDM]
Pasteurellosis Global Within 24 hours
Psittacosis Global Can be as long as 28 days; Usually 5-19 days; [Harrison ID, p. 711]
Q fever Global; May be endemic anywhere animal reservoirs are present; [CCDM] Highest prevalence in African and Middle Eastern countries; [CDC Travel] 2-3 weeks, but may be shorter after heavy exposure; [CDC Travel]
Rabies Most of the estimated 55,000 deaths/year occur in Asia and Africa; Only 9 cases were reported in Latin America in 2012; In 2000-2012, there were 30 deaths in the US with almost all bat-associated infections; [CCDM, p. 498] Usually 3 weeks to 2 months (range of a few days to several years); [CCDM] Several weeks to several months; [CDC Travel]
Rat-bite fever Global 3-10 days with a range of 2 days to 3 weeks; (streptobacillosis); 7-21 days with a range of 1 day to 6 weeks (Spirillosis); [CCDM]
Streptococcal suis infection Global; Most cases have been reported in Southeast Asia; [PMID 19191650] 3 hours to 14 days with a median of 2.2 days; [PMID 19191650]
Toxoplasmosis Global 10-23 days in one outbreak (ingestion of undercooked meat); 5-20 days in another outbreak associated with infected cats; [CCDM]
Tularemia N. America, Europe, Middle East, former USSR, China, Japan; [CCDM]; About 125 cases/yr reported in USA with most in AR, MO, SD, and OK; [ID, p. 1447] 1-14 days; usually 3-5 days; [CCDM]
Vesicular stomatitis fever Western hemisphere; [Merck Veterinary Manual] 2-8 days in animals; 24-48 hours in reported human cases; [PPID, p. 2125]